Chemical Plants & Processes

Chemical Processing Facility Ammonia Pro

Fertilizer & Agriculture

  • Agricultural industries are the major users of ammonia, representing nearly 80% of all ammonia produced in the United States.
  • ​Ammonia is most commonly used as a fertilizer and applied directly to the soil from tanks containing the liquefied gas.
  • ​Ammonia is a very valuable source of nitrogen that is essential for plant growth.
  • ​​Ammonia is used in the production of liquid fertilizer solutions that consist of ammonia, ammonium nitrate, urea and aqua ammonia.
  • The fertilizer industry also uses ammonia to produce ammonium and nitrate salts.
  • ​Ammonia and urea are used as a source of protein in livestock feeds for animals such as cattle, sheep and goats.
  • ​​Ammonia is used as a pre-harvest cotton defoliant, an anti-fungal agent on certain fruits and a preservative for the storage of high-moisture corn.

Nitric Acid

  • The chemical industries most important use of ammonia is to produce nitric acid (HNO3).
  • ​Ammonia is oxidized with the aid of a catalyst and platinum with a small percentage of rhodium that is made to react with water to form nitric acid.
  • ​Nitric acid treated with ammonia forms ammonium nitrate, a fertilizer and a constituent of many explosives.

Other Ammonia Uses

  • ​Ammonia is used by the ammonia-soda industry for producing soda ash.
  • ​Ammonia is used in the manufacture of certain dyes and applied in the dyeing and scouring of cotton, wool and silk.  
  • ​The pharmaceutical industry uses ammonia in the manufacture of certain products such as sulfa drugs, vitamins and cosmetics.
  • ​The petroleum industry utilizes ammonia to neutralize acid constituents of crude oil and to protect equipment from corrosion.
  • ​The mining industry uses ammonia to extract certain metals such as copper, nickel and molybdenum from their ores.
  • ​The rubber industry uses ammonia to prevent premature coagulation by stabilizing natural and synthetic latex during transportation from plantation to factory.
  • ​The pulp and paper industry use ammonia for pulping wood and as a casein dispersant in the coating of paper.
  • ​The food and beverage industry use ammonia as a nitrogen source needed by yeast and microorganisms.
  • ​The textile industry uses ammonia in the manufacture of synthetic fibers such as nylon and rayon.
  • ​The plastics industry uses ammonia in the manufacture of phenolics and polyurethanes.
  • ​Ammonia is used by the leather industry as a curing agent, as a slime and mold preventative in tanning liquors and as a protective agent for leathers and furs in storage.
  • ​​Weak ammonia solutions are also widely used as commercial and household cleaners and detergents.